Costa Rica is full of nature and beauty, in fact it is one of the richest corners of the globe. The small country of Central America is undoubtedly one of the best places to visit if you want guaranteed natural encounters of any kind. The beauty is that you don’t necessarily have to travel far to find them, many people just walk out of their hotel and come face to face with fascinating creatures of all kinds.
Sloths are animals that are part of the toothless family, as are anteaters and armadillos, although they actually do have teeth. They are known to most for their incredible slowness: rest assured a photo of a sloth will never be moved. Sloths have become somewhat of a popular animal in recent years, with people appreciating and indulging their slow, lazy pace of life. The graceful creature later became a symbol of Costa Rica, with its “pura vida” view of life mirroring the country itself. Their slowness is scientifically measured: they travel at a speed of 0.24 kilometers per hour. The head of sloths also has a particular feature: it can rotate up to 270 degrees, thus being able to see the whole environment around it. They have a low body temperature, which is why they love the heat. Sloths can live up to 40 years thanks to the microorganisms they develop in the coat that protects them from disease.
The eyes have a purplish-blue hue and are surrounded by a dark yellow bare skin area. The legs are very short and gray in color, with two front and two rear toes that allow a stable support on the branches of the trees. Up to six toucans can sleep in the same nest, as each of them occupies a very small space: this animal literally sleeps wrapped around itself, with its beak resting on its back. The toucan is a resident bird, but it can occasionally migrate to occupy a new territory or to escape the rigors of winter. Toucans are some of the strangest looking birds on the planet. With their giant curved beaks and relatively small body size, you might think they will fall from trees. Costa Rica is home to six species of toucans, including the keel-billed variety which is what most people might think of when imagining the unusual bird.
3-White-faced capuchin monkey
There are many species of primates, but the Capuchin monkey is unmistakable and admired for its characteristic physical appearance, but it is also known for its intelligence. However, many do not know where this curious primate lives or what it feeds on. From AnimalPedia we want to tell you everything you need to know about this fascinating animal and the threats it sadly faces daily because of man.These cute creatures are also known as the white-faced monkey and are commonly found in many of the parks national parks in Costa Rica, including the Monteverde Rainforest and Manuel Antonio National Park. They are used to visitors and have no problem getting close to you, often running past your legs! They are also often spotted near the beaches of Manuel Antonio, so if you go for a dip we recommend looking at your belongings or you might spot one of these cheeky animals peeling off with sunglasses.
Males and females are similar and only if you look closely you will notice that the males have longer feathers and relatively larger beaks. The young specimens have grayish legs and feet; this characteristic changes over time until it reaches adulthood, when the color turns black. This tropical parrot has a powerful beak to crush even the toughest nuts; the upper part of the beak is horn-colored while the base and tip are black. The legs and feet are also black. Native to Costa Rica, Scarlet Macaws are the perfect wildlife photo, with their bright rainbow-style feathers contrasting with the lush green rainforest backdrop. They are considered to be one of the most beautiful types of parrot and are often used in wildlife pictures due to their colorful exterior.
If you are near water, look for colorful plants or flowers and you might be lucky enough to spot an equally colorful hummingbird feeding on nectar. These small but beautiful birds, with fluorescent feathers of green, blue and purple hues, are commonly seen in La Fortuna and Monteverde but can be spotted anywhere in Costa Rica that is close to the water. The hummingbird is a bird whose size is astonishing, in fact among the various existing species we have: the bee hummingbird is the smallest species of hummingbird (2.2 grams) and is also the smallest of all the birds in the world. The giant hummingbird is the largest species and weighs around 20 grams. Some species have characteristic beaks, so much so as to remember it in the name, such as saw-billed hermit or sword-billed hummingbird. Each species of hummingbird is suitable for sucking a particular type of nectar from flowers: for this particular reason the tongue and the beak change from specimen to specimen, according to the needs, habits and territory of these small birds.
6-Morpho Blue Butterfly
The blue morph is an iridescent tropical butterfly from Central and South America. It has a wingspan of 15 cm. Adults drink the juice of rotten fruit, with their long proboscis, which is like a sucking tube. Adult males have brighter colors than females. Blue morpho butterflies are neotropical butterflies found mostly in Central America, as well as Mexico and South America including Brazil, Costa Rica, and Venezuela. The blue morph butterfly drinks its food rather than eating it. It uses its trunk to drink sap and juice from fruit. Blue morpho butterflies taste through sensors they have on their legs and smell the air thanks to their antennae. When you walk through Costa Rica’s warm, humid rainforests, looking for toucans, monkeys, sloths and more, it can be easy to forget the little jungle residents. Although small, the Blue Morpho Butterfly is among the largest species in the world with a wingspan of between five and eight inches.